With this free-will Adam would be able to decide for himself whether to abide by Allah's orders, be on Hedayah the Guidance or make new ways for himself to conduct their life on earth. In case he rejects Allah's directives, the inevitable outcome would be 'fasad', 'anarchy', injustice inequality and oppression in society and 'safakuddima'- violence, war, bloodshed- this the angels were able to predict even before Adam was created. The consequent incidents in short would be that after Adam's creation and blowing from His Soul into him Allah ordered all His angels to prostrate before him,
to which all the Malayeks obeyed save Eblis, claiming he would not do so since Adam was inferior to him. For this disobedience, Allah cursed and ousted Eblis from His presence. Eblis then challenged claiming he would show that this new creature of Allah's would not obey their Lord and thus cause chaos and anarchy, injustice, violence and blood-shed on earth. Allah accepted this challenge for the very reason of Adam's existence was to test what he did with his free-will. Next was the step to lay down some conditions for this new test, such as:
I. Eblis was given the permission and power to enter Adam's heart and mind, body and soul and provoke him to disobey the Creator,
II. Allah would send His Messengers to every people and nation reveal His right Guidance through them so that people may be directed on the right path or Hedayah, Serat-ul-Mustaqeem, 'the straight and simple path.'
With these principles laid down, there now remained only two avenues open to Bani Adam (Children of Adam).
One was to accept and implement what Allah revealed through His Messengers and lead their collective and individual lives accordingly; and the other was to disregard Allah's directions, His sovereignty and establish man-made rules and laws and implementation of these at social and collective levels. Tawheed (Guidance) and Serat-ul-Mustaqeem are thus symbiotic, each of separate entities themselves but riveted together to form Allah's sovereignty.
To make things even clearer to Bani Adam, to ensure that under no circumstances should they attempt to replace His sovereignty with their own, He declared only those who accept and implement His laws and directives in their individual and collective lives, were acceptable to Him, all their personal sins and transgressions will be forgiven and heaven will be awarded to them. Both the Qur'an and the Hadis are replete with such confirmations.
There is one Hadis in which the Messenger of Allah
stated to Abu Zarr, 'he who remains steadfast in Allah's sovereignty (Tawheed) will enter paradise even if he commits theft and adultery.
Besides this, he has clearly stated a number of times that not even sins, which reach up to the sky can refrain a man who remains unmoved in Allah's sovereignty, in Tawheed from heaven. Numerous Hadis from among the 'Sahih' or correct ones namely Bokhari, Muslim etc. can be put forward to support this. In another tradition, the Messenger of Allah
states that 'it is a contract between Allah and His servants that those who obey none except Him will not be punished'.
In another Hadis he states, 'Hell has been made 'haram' (forbidden) for him who believes in his heart there is no 'Elah', (He who is to be obeyed) other than Allah and that Muhammad (s.a.s) is His Rasul (Messenger)'.
In yet another Hadis, the Messenger of Allah confirms, 'Tawheed is the key to paradise'.
It is important to note here that the Tawheed stressed upon in these Hadis is not the partial or eclectic one confined and applied to the personal life only as it is now; but an all encompassing Tawheed, reflected on every aspect of the believer's life- from personal, family, national, economic, judicial, educative to political aspects. That is the true form of Tawheed, of Allah's sovereignty. The opposite of this Tawheed is 'Sherk' meaning partnership, and 'kufr' meaning denial-regarding which Allah has informed us 'If We wish, We may forgive all of man's sins, transgressions, but Sherk and kufr will not be forgiven.' The outright denial of Allah's sovereignty and the subsequent establishment of man-made laws is 'kufr' while 'Sherk' is when Allah's directives are only partially adhered to, so that some of the rules and regulations are those of Allah's and some are made by man and tailored to their whims and desires. In this context the Almighty affirms- 'Do they think they can obey some of My commands and reject some?'
Therefore, even the denial of a single directive of Allah's from proper implementation in the collective or personal life is tantamount to committing 'Sherk'- and 'Sherk' and 'kufr' are the only two sins He has vowed never to forgive.
Thus these Qur'anic injunctions and their confirmations in the Hadis leave no room for further speculation or doubt that those who accept Tawheed in its true form, i.e. in their personal, collective and social lives are the ones to embark on Serat-ul-Mustaqeem, establish Deen-ul-Qaiyema. They will be caused to enter paradise even if their personal sins are too many to count.
The Qur'an- Sura Baqara-34, Sura Araf-11.
The Qur'an- Sura Yunus -47, Sura Nahl 36, Sura R'aad-7.
Hadis, form Abu Dar (Ra)- Bokhari, Muslim, Meshkat.
Hadis, from Mu'az (ra), Bokhari, Muslim.
Hadis, from Obaydah bin Sawamet (ra) and Anas (ra), Bokhari, Muslim.
Hadis, from Muaz (ra) bin Jabl, Ahmed.
The Qur'an- Sura Baqara-85.
The Qur'an- Sura Nissa-48, 116, Sura Muhammad-34.
Hadis, form Abu Dar (Ra)- Tirmizee, Tibrani, Bayhaqee.