If the public and personal lifestyles do not complement each other, the inevitable result will be the eradication of the personal system due to the greater pressure of the public or collective one. Likewise, if there is a major clash of interests between these two, the personal way of life is bound to lose out. Therefore, there is need for a code of ethics, which is similarly reflected on both public and personal levels. Personal piety and goodness can be greatly effective on that person's life, but it has little influence on the behavior of the public or the mass. A firefly can illuminate itself with its own light but cannot remove the darkness of the night. Secondly, in order for mankind to live in harmony and in peace amongst themselves, a faultless and immaculate code of life is imperative. Since man is possessed of limited knowledge, it is not possible for him to devise one. Any new law, rule or regulation or ways of penalty man were to devise, they would be the product of his own thinking according to his own capacity. It is for this that Allah states, "Accept my sovereignty, I am your Creator, therefore accept My doctrines so that you may live in peace, (Islam
If you decide to exercise your free will and come up with laws and rules to govern yourselves with, you will bring about fasad and safakuddima in your lives and Eblis will have won his challenge thrown to Me.
I am the Mightiest and if I will I can make the whole of mankind accept Me in one Moment.
But I will not do so, I want to see, how you use your free will."
Indeed, if man is to disregard the sovereignty of the All-mighty in the collective social level of society, all the personal piety and good deeds, all Ebadat, Taqwa are fruitless, as the Qur'an says, "And we shall turn unto the work they did and make it scattered motes.
Between Adam and the Last Messenger, thousands, maybe hundreds of thousand of Messengers have brought the Guidance from Allah to their peoples.
Though the details of these messages have differed in accordance to the time and location of their revelations, the basic message, that of Tawheed, Allah's Sovereignty has remained unchanged. No Messenger has claimed to beckon their people to anything else than that. All have called upon to their people to accept His Tawheed, the Eternal Faith, His Sovereignty so that they may establish His law on the land and refrain from implementing their own, the inevitable result of which would be fasad and safakuddima. With the acceptance of Tawheed the constitution would be based on His message and thus His Deen, His Way of Life would be implemented on society as a whole.
This Truth (Tawheed) has remained the cornerstone of each and every Nabi or Rasul's (Messenger) preaching. However, in absence of the Messengers their people have given in to Eblis' provocation, lures and have tampered with the Message. A clergy class has emerged from within them who devoted all their time and effort in hair splitting details of the faith and the teaching of it to the general people. They rendered the straight and simple Serat-ul-Mustaqeem so complicated as to be out of the reach of the common man's intelligence.
The more detailed they have become, the further they have strayed from the Truth. By adding new issues to the original message and subtracting those that were contrary to their own interests, they brought about a system that finally bore little resemblance to the original one. The tough directives, the undertaking of which would entail personal loss and sacrifice were reduced to issues of low priority whereas rules easy to follow were taken high up on the list of priority. When things reached a point where the adherence to that Deen brought more harm than good, Allah in His Mercy would send another Messenger to rectify and restore balance in that situation. At this point, it is imperative to make note of one issue that is related to the emergence of the Dajjal. One thing has remained unchanged in this whole chain of events regarding the sending of Messengers and the guidance, the distortions of these messages after the departure of the Messengers and the subsequent arrival of new ones. Never in time has man officially and formally attempted to disavow Allah's Sovereignty as the source of their Deen, their Way of Life. They have distorted this Deen to suit their interests, concocted issues into it so that they are able to oppress other people- yet this distorted version was still proclaimed to be God's Word. Tyrant rulers, oppressors and dictators who made their subjects' lives miserable, too, ruled in the name of God. Looking back in time, although we find a few instances where man declared himself as the sovereign, interestingly, these too had to be passed off in the name of God, e.g. pharaoh of Egypt, who claimed his lineage from the god of the sun, Raa, therefore a divine power himself; or Namrud (Nimrod) who also took a claim to sovereignty for himself.
The Qur'an- Sura Nesa-119, Saad-82, Mu'minun-71, Muhammad-22.
The Qur'an- Sura An'am-35, Sura Yunus 99.
The Qur'an- Sura Nur-55.
The Qur'an- Sura Mulk-2, Dahar-2, 3.
The Qur'an- Sura Forkan-23.
The Qur'an- Sura Yunus-47, Sura Nahl 36, Sura Raa'd-7.